Purification of water by reverse osmosis technology

Purification of water by reverse osmosis technology, the existing water purification technology and is known for a long time include:

  • Disinfektansi (cooked, Chlorinisasi, Ozonation, Ultra Violet rays)
  • Distillation
  • Microfiltration
  • Filter (Activated Alumina, Activated Carbon, Anion and Cation Exchange).

Method Reverse Osmosis (RO) was developed since the 1950s in order to find an economical method for seawater desalination. This method is also known as “hyperfiltration” is then further developed to dispose of nearly all of the contaminants from the water to be treated.

This technology is used on spacecraft, war gear developed countries, water supply, natural disasters, and others.

Reverse Osmosis is able to remove a variety of contaminants that pose aesthetic unpleasant taste, color, and masala smell like a salty taste or flavor soda caused by chlorides or sulfates.

RO Unit is effectively able to get rid of all types of bacteria and viruses. The amount of the RO membrane pore reached 0.0001 micron (size of 0.2 to 1 micron bacteria, and viruses between 0:02 to 0.4 micron).

RO unit is able to remove most of inorganic chemicals such as salts, metals, and minerals.

RO effective at removing contaminants of health concerns such as arsenic, asbestos, atrazine (herbicide / pesticida), fluoride, lead, mercury, nitrate, and radium, and others.

With these capabilities, Reverse Osmosis water treatment technology is a very commonly used to produce high quality water.

Reverse Osmosis process is done by giving the high pressure of the water flowed through the semi-permeable membrane where ion separation occurs. With the separation of ions, water molecules form a barrier that allows other water molecules to sodomy and blocking liwatnya virtually all contaminants. Contaminant rejection rate is between 85-95% depending on the initial quality of the treated water.

From a variety of drinking water purification technology above it can be concluded that many of the technologies and effective methods to get rid of a number of contaminants, but there is no single technology that can get rid of all the contaminants.

A specific technology or combination of technologies typically used to address the demands of the raw water quality problems which will be processed into drinking water.

With the combination of this technology purification process will be carried out through several stages (multi-staging).

Each stage serves to dispose of certain contaminants.

The technology used at each stage, as well as the number of stages will determine the quality of water produced.

Reverse Osmosis technology can be applied at various scales of use needed as to scale municipal, industrial, and household.


Dengam water purification reverse osmosis technology for water purification tool small / medium, which digunanakan technology in general is a combination of Reverse Osmosis method combined with the use of a variety of filters and Ultraviolet.

Tools with this scale is designed for use among others in the household, apartment, offices, clinics, hospitals, laboratories, schools, restaurants, mess, projects, Fabric, hatchery, workshops, recreation, natural disasters, and others.

Tools designed compact (compact), operation and permeliharaan easy (user friendly) with a variety of models that can be tailored to the needs and placement.

In general, the tool dimensions ranging from 40cm around numbers (width) x 50 cm (height) x 20 cm (thickness).

Output can be adjusted by means of RO membranes are used, such 50GPD, 80GPD, and 100GPD, or 200GPD (GPD = Gallon Per Day).

Installation of water such as PAM is essentially a large-scale installations, with a large output which is then distributed to homes, offices, and so forth.

Compared with the installation of PAM on it, or Bottled Water and Water Refill, appliance water purifier small / medium this would provide an alternative for homes, offices, and so forth are to be able to have its own unit installation or “factory” drinking water that are reliable with an output that can be adapted to their respective needs.


Ideally the water purification unit with RO technology is an integral part of a system of clean water and drinking water in a restricted environment (home, office, etc.).

Today the source of clean water is commonly used community water (PAM), water wells, and other natural water (rivers, lakes, ponds, springs).

In the use of well water and other natural water, clean water systems in an environment (home, office, etc.) is generally in the form of a well or water source, pump suction-press, as well as water towers and storage tanks.

The water that comes out of these storage tanks is not yet ready to drink water. Still takes some effort as the filter or boil water before consumption.

By placing the purifier RO Unit is in the desired location, clean water systems and drinking water is already a complete and perfect system.

This is the lifestyle of today: the technology for the convenience of increased quality!

Seyogianyalah quality drinking water meets basic requirements: clear, healthy and contain no chemicals.

The main function of RO water purifier unit is to process various types of raw water at the top is used as an input, in order to generate as output quality water that meets the essential requirements.


HOW TO WORK / purification process

In principle, the water purification process will be gradual, where the water flowed through a combination of a filter as follows:

  • 5 Micron Sediment Filter. Filters with this measure effective at removing dirt, rust and sand particles, which affect the taste, odor and color of water.
  • 1 Micron Sediment Filter. The use of this filter is to protect the reverse osmosis membrane and effectively and thus increasing its ability to get rid of / refused 95% TDS (Total disolve Solids).
  • Granular filter / Activated Carbon Block. This filter is able to remove 99% of chlorine and chemicals that are organic. Also works well in reducing the taste, odor and color are unobtrusive. Getting rid of fungicides, pesticides, in-sectisida, and herbicides.
  • Reverse Osmosis Membranes. In the form of membrane Thin Film Composite (TFC) high quality membrane that is capable of flowing 50 gallons per day of drinking water quality. This membrane is able to get rid of harmful contaminants such as lead, copper, barium, chromium, mercury, sodium, cadnium, fluoride, nitrite, nitrate, and selenium. Get rid of the bacteria, E. coli, giardia, cryptosporodium, and others.
  • Post Carbon Filters. These filters remove all the flavor and unwanted odors and improve the quality of drinking water produced.
  • Filter Ultra-Violet Water Sterilizer.

UV is a natural part of the sun is widely accepted as meto-da disinfect water that is reliable, efficient, and environmentally friendly. The UV lamp used clicking wavelength of 254 nm which causes rapid eradication on micro-organisms and prevents their ability to reproduce. UV rays eradicate 99.99% of bacteria and viruses.

  • Filter Infra-Red. This filter serves to activate water molecules and improve the level of oxygen in the body, warming and eliminating fats, chemicals and toxins from the blood, so that the smooth running of the blood, reducing the acidity levels in the body, improves the function of the nervous system.
  • Mineral filter. This filter works to improve the quality of drinking water produced by adding minerals that are essential for growth and health, such as calcium, magnesium, sodium, and potassium are common in pure water of nature.

In the example shown diata schematic drawing tool with 5 (five) stages of purification.


Components that use power from U-PAM is severely limited for the so-called Booster Pump pump, and for lights Ultra Violet (UV) for a tool equipped with a UV lamp.

Both types of these devices use direct current with a relatively small wattage: 20 Watt for Booster Pump and a 6 Watt UV lamp.

Electricity use has become so efficient because the tool is equipped with an automatic switch that is set so that the pump works only when needed, namely at the time of filling the tank up (pressurize water tank) which is a unitary unit with U-PAM.


Raw materials water purification unit consisting of a combination of iron plates for the bracket, and taps, plastic for most of the components (housing, tubing, fittings) as well as special materials for a range of filters used.


As mentioned above, considering its use for home, office, and so on, the appliance is designed for convenience for the wearer (user friendly).

Technical concerning this installation, it is important that consumers receive the tools already in installed state. Assembling is done by Fabric PurePro with quality control and control of high health aspects.

Installation of the consumer needs to be done is limited to connecting the input hose to a water source, discharge hose to the drain pipe, hose output to a special faucet and hose to a special water tank. Overall this installation can be done very easily because it is supported by a perfect design.

At the bottom is not necessary artisans or technicians specialized in the installation of this equipment.

If required disassembly in future maintenance phase, fittings which serves to connect the plastic hose (tubing) Special (able to withstand the pressure of 120 psi) with a range of specially designed equipment components which makes the installation work and open it becomes very easy without the risk of leakage at all.

Housings for filters and RO membrane was designed with a screw that allows the open pairs, as well as the provision of special keys that make it easy disassembly during filter replacement process later.


Treatment is limited to replacement filter tool regularly. Age filter is determined by the time the use of tools (a few hours a day or a whole day) and water quality inputs. The duration of use of the tool will determine the dirt caught in the filter, as well as water that contains a lot of solid particles will be quicker to clog pores in the filter. Recommendations Fabric says there are filters that should be replaced every 6 months, 12 months, 24 months and 36 months, depending on the type of each filter. Technical replacement of these filters can be done very easily. Other maintenance action is practically nonexistent.

Water source

Water source water purification input can be taken from tap water (tap water to users who feel disturbed by the smell and turbidity of the water), well water, river water, lake water, or natural water sources. In effect the water with different levels of turbidity can be screened either by U-PAM.Tapi increasingly turbid water would filter the input is consequently more frequent replacement. In other words, should the input water is in the form of raw water is relatively clear visually.


As mentioned above, in general, the principal terms of quality drinking water is water that is not polluted, the water crystal clear, healthy, and free of chemicals.

If taken, quality water is clean and safe for drinking (potable), and with a fresh and pleasant taste (palatable).

Water purification dengam quantitative reverse osmosis technology, one of the parameters used to measure the quality of this water is a significant figure, commonly called Total Dissolve Solid (TDS), the content of dissolved solid particles contained in water. TDS can be measured easily by using digital Meter TDS.

To hire the services from us in cleaning the RO membrane

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